The BRCA1 (breast cancer 1) breast cancer susceptibility gene is recognized as responsible for most familial breast and ovarian cancers and is suggested to be a tissue-specific tumor suppressor gene. In this report, we investigated the tissue specificity of tumor inhibitory activities induced by a recombinant adenovirus coding for wild-type BRCA1 (wtAdBRCA1). We demonstrated a pronounced in vitro antiproliferative effect on H1299 lung and HT29 colon cells upon infection with AdBRCA1. We describe a prolonged G1 cell cycle arrest associated with a decrease in the hyperphosphorylated form of Rb, suggesting that the Rb/E2F pathway is implicated in BRCA1-induced cell growth arrest. We also observed a significant antitumor effect in these pre-established subcutaneous tumors after in situ delivery of AdBRCA1, although these two tumors do not express wt p53, and also estrogen and , progesterone and androgen receptors. Moreover, BRCA1 can induce a strong prolonged cell cycle arrest and apoptotic cell death but no significant antiangiogenic effect in H1299 tumors. Finally, our data indicate that intratumor administration of wtAdBRCA1 significantly inhibits growth of lung and colon steroid hormone-independent tumors.
Keywords: BRCA1, ER, AR, angiogenesis, adenovirus
Abbreviations: Ad, adenovirus; ER or , estrogen receptor or ; AR, androgen receptor; MOI, multiplicity of infection.